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By networks we refer to any system that allows its abstract/mathematical representation as a graph, i.e., a set of nodes and edges.
It is worth stressing that equilibrium does not imply a static vision. It only refers to a situation in which the probability distribution describing the possible states is not biased or constrained by external forces to be on a specific subset of the allowed states. This will be properly defined in the context of dynamical modeling, see section 5.2.
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